|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]贾平,魏慧楠.无人驾驶汽车的相关法律问题及其对策[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2018,20(04):36-45.
 JIA Ping,WEI Hui-nan.Legal issues and solutions relating to selfdriving cars[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2018,20(04):36-45.
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无人驾驶汽车的相关法律问题及其对策(PDF)
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第20卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
36-45
栏目:
交通运输
出版日期:
2018-10-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Legal issues and solutions relating to selfdriving cars
作者:
贾平魏慧楠
上海对外经贸大学 法学院,上海 201620
Author(s):
JIA Ping WEI Hui-nan
School of Law, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics,Shanghai 201620, China
关键词:
无人驾驶汽车《道路交通安全法》责任主体责任归属责任保险
Keywords:
selfdriving cars Road Traffic Safety Law liability subjectsresponsibility liability insurance
分类号:
D912.1
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
伴随着人工智能技术的迅猛发展,无人驾驶汽车时代正悄然而至。无人驾驶汽车的应用在给人们带来便捷的同时,也可能引发安全隐患。近年来,各国不仅加紧推动和扶持相关技术发展,也在加快出台无人驾驶汽车法律法规。相比较而言,中国针对无人驾驶汽车虽然出台了一些规范性文件,但是在相关法律法规方面仍然处于空白状态。而无人驾驶汽车引发的诸多问题,对中国现有法律框架下的《道路交通安全法》《产品质量法》《保险法》等相关法律已经提出挑战,亟须更新相关法律规定。在兼顾促进行业发展、推动技术进步和保障相关人员合法权益的原则之下,应当制定针对无人驾驶汽车道路交通管理的相关规则,建立无人驾驶汽车专门服务机构,明确无人驾驶汽车道路交通事故的责任主体、责任归属以及执法主体,可以在交通管理机构内部建立专门的技术评定机构,提供无人驾驶汽车道路交通事故的技术评定;在保险制度方面,应更新现有的强制责任保险,扩大受益主体,调整赔偿比例,提升赔偿金额,可推行车内人员伤害保险制度,创设设计者责任险新险种,从而有利于更加及时高效地对相关人员的合法权益进行救济。
Abstract:
With the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, the era of selfdriving cars is coming quietly. The application of selfdriving cars may bring convenience to people as well as potential safety hazards. In recent years, various countries in the world have not only stepped up the promotion and support of relevant technologies, but also accelerated the introduction of laws and regulations onselfdriving cars. In comparison, China has issued some normative documents for selfdriving cars, but the relevant laws and regulations are still blank. However, many problems caused byselfdriving cars have posed challenges to China’s existing Road Traffic Safety Law, Product Liability Law, Insurance Law and other relevant laws under the current legal framework, and it is urgent to update relevant legal rules.Under the principle of promoting the developmentof the industry and technological progress and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of relevant personnel, we should make road traffic management rules about selfdriving cars, establish a special service organization for selfdriving cars, clarify the liability subjects and responsibilityof road traffic accidents of selfdriving cars, and subject of law enforcement. Special technical evaluation institutions may be established within the traffic management organizations to provide the technical evaluation of road traffic accidents of selfdriving cars.In the insurance system,we should update existing compulsory liability insurance, expand the beneficiaries,adjust the compensation ratio and increase the compensation.In order to provide more timely and efficient remedy for the legitimate rights and interests of relevant personnel,we can also carry out personal injury insurance for people in the car, or create new designer liability insurance. 

参考文献/References:

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相似文献/References:

[1]许辉猛,王飞翔.人工智能侵权责任认定[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2018,20(04):56.
 XU Hui-meng,WANG Fei-xiang.Identification of artificial intelligence infringement liability[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2018,20(04):56.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-10-16