|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]潘明娟.唐代京师地震及唐人地震观[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2019,21(02):40-48.
 PAN Mingjuan.Earthquake in Jingshi area and people’s conceptions on earthquake in Tang dynasty[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2019,21(02):40-48.
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第21卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
40-48
栏目:
长安学
出版日期:
2019-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Earthquake in Jingshi area and people’s conceptions on earthquake in Tang dynasty
文章编号:
1671-6248(2019)01-0040-09
作者:
潘明娟
西安电子科技大学 关中历史文化研究中心,陕西 西安710126
Author(s):
PAN Mingjuan
Center for Guanzhong History and Culture Learning,Xidian University,Xi’an 710126,Shaanxi,China
关键词:
唐代京师地震地震观地震构想天人感应
Keywords:
Tang dynasty Jingshi earthquake people’s conceptions of earthquake understanding of earthquakes Heaven and Men’s interaction model
分类号:
K242
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
唐代地震具有时段上的典型性,同时,京师地区具有典型的区域研究价值。为探讨唐代京师地震的特征,分析唐人在同地震接触过程中逐步形成和树立的地震观,运用文献分析法进行分析。研究认为,唐代290年间,京师地区共发生地震34年次,唐代京师地震具有明显的时段性,连续性地震偏多,且地震的破坏力较大;唐人的地震观主要表现为地震的天人感应观,这是主流观念,其固定的认知模式是系列的因果关系:君主“人政乖错”-阴阳五行失调-“天地见眚”上天示警-发生地震-君主修政“体励虔恭”-“变异自消,休征可致”;柳宗元对地震成因的解释表现为地震的自然成因观,但并不盛行。唐代京师地震具有典型的研究价值,唐人可能已经不太认可天象与地震的关联,并重新构建了天象与地震的关系:与地震有密切关系的是某些具体星辰运动和亮度的变化,其他星象变化不能够引起地震;相较于汉代,这是认识上的进步。
Abstract:
Earthquakes in Tang dynasty were typical in time,while the earthquakes especially in Jingshi area bear research values. To explore the characteristics of Jingshi earthquakes and people’s gradually formed conception of earthquake in Tang dynasty,this article employed the literature review method. The study shows that during the 290 years of Tang dynasty,there were 34 earthquakes in the Jingshi area which were characterized with periodical,mostly continuous earthquakes and destructive power. People’s conception of earthquake in Tang dynasty was mainly expressed by the theory of Heaven and Men’s interaction model,which was the mainstream theory at the time. It was featured by set conception of a series of causal relationships:The emperor did “something wrong” -“Yinyang and the Five Elements were out of balance” -“The heaven gives out warnings” -“An earthquake occurs” -“The emperor corrects his mistakes” -“The disaster is gone”. LIU Zongyuan believed that the earthquake was formed naturally,but it was not widely recognized by others. The analysis suggests that the Jingshi earthquake in Tang dynasty had a typical research value. People at that time may have reconstructed the relationship between astronomical phenomenon and earthquakes:what was closely related to the earthquake was the movement and change in brightness of some specific stars, but no others. Compared with the Han dynasty,this was an improvement in understanding. 

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
潘明娟(1971-),女,河北石家庄人,教授,历史学博士。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-15