|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]余淼杰,王吉明.全球服务贸易发展与中国面临的机遇和挑战[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2021,23(03):19-27.
 YU Miaojie,WANG Jiming.Global pattern of trade in services and the opportunities and challenges faced by China[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2021,23(03):19-27.
点击复制

全球服务贸易发展与中国面临的机遇和挑战(PDF)
分享到:

《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第23卷
期数:
2021年03期
页码:
19-27
栏目:
国际经济与贸易
出版日期:
2021-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Global pattern of trade in services and the opportunities and challenges faced by China
文章编号:
1671-6248(2021)03-0019-09
作者:
余淼杰王吉明
(北京大学 国家发展研究院/中国经济研究中心,北京 100871)
Author(s):
YU Miaojie WANG Jiming
(China Center for Economic Research & National School of Development,Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
关键词:
“十四五” 服务贸易 数字贸易 国际话语权 双循环 贸易结构 区域经济合作 数据开放
Keywords:
14th Five-Year Plan trade in services digital trade international discourse power dual circulation trade structure regional economic cooperation digital opening up
分类号:
F114
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着全球服务贸易总额的高速增长,全球服务贸易格局出现不均衡发展特征。对当前全球服务贸易发展趋势进行梳理,分析当前中国服务贸易发展面临的机遇与挑战,提出中国在“十四五”期间推进国际贸易发展的路径。研究认为,中国在服务贸易方面存在逆差,且逆差在不断扩大; 就具体服务行业而言,中国在诸如建筑、运输等传统服务贸易方面发展形势较好,但在旅游、留学方面存在较大逆差,原因在于中国总体经济发展较好使得国民拥有更多收入购买境外服务,并且中国部分服务基础设施国际化尚有不足。研究还认为,随着数字贸易兴起并在服务贸易中扮演愈加重要的地位,为中国服务贸易发展带来新机遇,中国需要围绕扩总量、调结构、找亮点、树特色、减逆差5个方面发展服务贸易,在减少旅行服务贸易逆差的同时,重点发展数字贸易,积极参与国际合作并主动争取服务贸易相应规则制定的话语权。
Abstract:
With the rapid growth in the total volume of global trade in services, the global pattern of trade in services has been showing characteristics of imbalanced development. This paper aims to present the global developing trend of trade in services, analyze the opportunities and challenges faced by China in its trade in services development, and put forward paths in which China can develop its international trade during the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan. The research believes that China suffers from a growing trade deficit in service sectors. In terms of specific service sectors, China has a relatively good situation in traditional sectors such as construction and transportation, but suffers a large deficit in sectors such as tourism and studying abroad. There are multiple reasons behind this. On the one hand, the overall economic development of China has enabled its citizens to spend more income on service imports. On the other hand, there are several problems such as the lack of internationalization with China's service infrastructure. Recently, digital trade emerges and plays an increasingly important role in the trade in services, which provides new opportunities for the development of China's trade in services. China should focus on five aspects to develop its trade in services, namely, the expansion of total volume, the adjustment of structure, the search for highlights, the establishment of unique features and the reduction of deficit. While making effort to reduce the deficits in trade in travel services, China should also focus on the development of digital trade, participate in international cooperation actively and strive for the international discourse power in the formulation of the rules and terms of trade in services.

参考文献/References:

[1] 户艳辉.中美服务贸易发展状况分行业的实证分析[J].统计与决策,2021,37(2):136-140.
[2]Khanna G,Shih K,Weinberger A,et al.Trade liberalization and Chinese students in US higher education[EB/OL].(2020-05-29)[2021-03-11].http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3590272.
[3]李忠民,周维颖,田仲他.数字贸易:发展态势、影响及对策[J].国际经济评论,2014(6):131-144,8.
[4]李杨,陈寰琦,周念利.数字贸易规则“美式模板”对中国的挑战及应对[J].国际贸易,2016(10):24-27,37.
[5]裴长洪,刘洪愧.中国外贸高质量发展:基于习近平百年大变局重要论断的思考[J].经济研究,2020,55(5):4-20.
[6]陈启斐,张群.经济政策不确定性是否降低了全球技术溢出强度:基于货物贸易与服务贸易的对比分析[J].统计研究,2021,38(4):30-44.
[7]刘洪愧.数字贸易发展的经济效应与推进方略[J].改革,2020(3):40-52.
[8]商务部服贸司.商务部等十四部门关于促进中医药服务贸易发展的若干意见[EB/OL].(2012-03-05)[2021-01-02].http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/b/g/201208/20120808263824.html.
[9]林僖,鲍晓华.区域服务贸易协定如何影响服务贸易流量?——基于增加值贸易的研究视角[J].经济研究,2018,53(1):169-182.
[10]宗良,林静慧,吴丹.全球数字贸易崛起:时代价值与前景展望[J].国际贸易,2019(10):58-63.

相似文献/References:

[1]师博.以国土空间布局的优化推进“十四五”区域协调发展和新型城镇化[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2021,23(01):13.
 SHI Bo.Promoting coordinated regional development and new type of urbanization during the 14th Five-Year Plan period by optimizing the layout of national land space[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2021,23(03):13.
[2]阎志军,温珺.双循环新发展格局下贸易强国建设策略[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2021,23(03):28.
 YAN Zhijun,WEN Jun.Strategy of building a trader of quality under the new development pattern of dual circulation[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2021,23(03):28.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-04-20
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(20EDA050); 国家社会科学基金重点项目(16AZD003)
作者简介:余淼杰(1976-),男,广东饶平人,教授,博士研究生导师,经济学博士,北大博雅特聘教授,北京市卓越青年科学家。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-07-20