|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]彭华涛,林琳.意愿、资源、能力约束下精准创业扶贫模式运行机制的实证研究[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2018,20(03):85-96.
 PENG Hua tao,LIN Lin.Operating mechanism precise entrepreneurship and poverty alleviation methods under the constraints of willingness,resources and capabilities[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2018,20(03):85-96.
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意愿、资源、能力约束下精准创业扶贫模式运行机制的实证研究(PDF)
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第20卷
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
85-96
栏目:
社会学
出版日期:
2018-08-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Operating mechanism precise entrepreneurship and poverty alleviation methods under the constraints of willingness,resources and capabilities
作者:
彭华涛林琳
武汉理工大学 管理学院,湖北 武汉 430070
Author(s):
PENG HuataoLIN Lin
School of Management,Wuhan University of Technology,Wuhan 430070,Hubei,China
关键词:
精准创业扶贫创业意愿创业资源创业能力扶贫开发
Keywords:
precision poverty alleviation through entrepreneurship entrepreneurial willingness entrepreneurial resources entrepreneurial abilitypoverty alleviation and development
分类号:
F323.8
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
中国情境下的创业扶贫工作受到创业意愿不强、创业资源不足、创业能力不高的约束,必须将创业扶贫与精准扶贫相结合才能从根本上实现精准脱贫。聚焦于意愿、资源、能力约束下精准创业扶贫模式运行机制及政策设计,以陕西省礼泉县栖霞镇袁家村创业扶贫为案例,运用探索性案例研究方法,旨在有效构建意愿、资源和能力约束破解与精准创业扶贫模式的内在逻辑。研究表明:意愿、资源和能力约束下创业扶贫的“输血”“活血”“造血”“换血”等典型模式需赋予其“精准”内涵;精准创业扶贫模式可通过自助、互助和他助机制实现;精准创业扶贫政策需从系统性、整体性、时效性、层次性等角度予以优化。根据研究结果,提出了如下结论与启示:当前中国贫困县中开展的 “互联网”“科技特派员”“经济共享发展”“农业科技示范园”等典型创业扶贫模式需从意愿、资源和能力约束破解视角予以完善;不同的精准创业扶贫模式适用于不同的意愿、资源、能力约束条件,且在运行中必须将多种扶助机制融会贯通;针对具体的精准创业扶贫模式,相关政策仍需从意愿瓶颈突破效应、资源缺口补偿效应以及能力差距缩小效应等角度予以评价,并建立基于以上效应动态监控的精准创业扶贫政策优化方案。
Abstract:
Poverty alleviation work in the Chinese context is bound by weak entrepreneurial willingness,insufficient entrepreneurial resources and low entrepreneurial capacity.It is necessary to combine entrepreneurial and precision poverty alleviation in order to fundamentally achieve poverty eradication.This study focuses on the operating mechanism and policy design of targeted entrepreneurship poverty alleviation methods under the constraints of willingness,resources and capabilities,taking the poverty alleviation of Yuanjia Village,Qixia Township,Liquan County as the research object,and using exploratory case study methods to construct the inherent logic of the constraint of willingness,resources and capacity and the poverty alleviation method of precision entrepreneurship effectively.The results of the study indicate that the typical entrepreneurial poverty alleviation methods of“Blood transfusion”,“Blood circulation”,“Hematopoietic” and “Exchange blood” under the previously mentioned constraints need to be given“precision”connotations; the method of targeted entrepreneurship poverty alleviation can be achieved through selfhelp,mutual assistance and thirdparty help mechanisms.Targeted poverty alleviation policies need to be optimized from the perspectives of systematicness,integrity,timeliness and hierarchy.According to the research results,this study puts forward the following conclusions and inspirations.The typical methods of entrepreneurial poverty alleviation in the povertystricken counties in China,such as “Internet +”,“Technology Specialist”,“Economic Sharing Development” and“Agricultural Technology Demonstration Park” need to be improved from the perspective of willingness,resources,and capabilities constraints; different targeted methods are applicable to different constraints and must integrate various support mechanisms.For specific entrepreneurial poverty alleviation methods,the policy still needs to be evaluated from the perspective of willingness Bottleneck Breakthrough effect,resourcegap compensation effect and capabilitygap reduction effect,and establish an optimization plan for targeted entrepreneurship poverty alleviation policies based on dynamic monitoring of the above effects.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-03