|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张卫东,卜偲琦.由独享到共享的制度逻辑[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2018,20(03):49-57.
 ZHANG Wei-dong,BU Cai-qi.From exclusive to shared institutional logic[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2018,20(03):49-57.
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第20卷
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
49-57
栏目:
经济管理
出版日期:
2018-08-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
From exclusive to shared institutional logic
作者:
张卫东卜偲琦
华中科技大学 经济学院,湖北 武汉 430074
Author(s):
ZHANG Wei-dongBU Cai-qi
School of Economics,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan 430074,Hubei,China
关键词:
共享经济交易成本社会关系资源配置制度创新
Keywords:
sharing economy sharing transaction cost social relationship resource allocation institutional innovation 
分类号:
F49
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了揭示共享经济发展的理论与制度基础,立足于交易成本理论,从共享经济的驱动因素、制度结构、制度特征、核心内涵等方面,分析了共享经济在具有过剩产能的消费领域优越于传统市场商品交换的经济逻辑,对比了商品交换、传统租赁与共享经济的异同。研究表明:共享经济的核心内涵是社会关系与共同意识的连接与形成,是高效利用过剩产能的新形式,是立足于零边际成本平台实现规模经济的理性选择。在把握核心内涵的基础上,剖析了共享经济得以从独享过渡到共享的制度基础,研究表明制度变迁与创新、信息技术助推、社会关系建立、过剩产能释放、平台规模成型等导致的交易成本降低是独享过渡到共享的根本原因;得出了共享与独享的边界条件:消费者共享某种物品或服务的总费用(包括生产维护费用与交易费用)等于独享时的总费用;共享经济兴起的本质是交易成本更低的制度安排替代交易成本偏高的制度安排。目前共享经济领域出现的诸多问题是政府监管等方面的制度创新落后于共享平台技术进步所导致的两者无法协同发展的结果,构建共享经济的制度基础、解决制度变革创新的失衡是共享经济健全发展的核心要义。
Abstract:
To reveal the theoretical and institutional basis of sharing economic development,based on the theory of transaction cost,the institutional basis of sharing economy from exclusive to sharing,and the economic logic of sharing economy superior to the traditional market commodity exchange in the consumption field with excess capacity were analyzed,and the similarities and differences among commodity exchange,traditional leasing and sharing economy were compared from the driving factors,institutional structure,institutional characteristics and core connotation of sharing economy and on the basis of grasping the core connotation.The research shows that the core connotation of sharing economy is the connection and formation of social relationship and common consciousness,the new form of efficient use of excess capacity,and the rational choice to realize scale economy based on the zero marginal cost platform; at present,many problems in the field of sharing economy are the lack of efficiency of institutional arrangements,the lack of sustainability of business models,and the fact that institutional innovation lags behind the technological advancement of shared platforms which leads to the noncooperative development between the two.Constructing the institutional basis of sharing economy and solving the imbalance of institutional innovation are the core essence of the sound development of sharing economy.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-03