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[1]黄文成,帅斌.中小城市公交运营现状调研方法及结果分析[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2017,19(06):26-33.
 HUANG Wen-cheng,SHUAI Bin.Research methods and results analysis on the current situation of 〖JP〗public transport in small and mediumsized cities[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2017,19(06):26-33.
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中小城市公交运营现状调研方法及结果分析(PDF)
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
26-33
栏目:
交通运输经济与管理
出版日期:
2018-02-07

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research methods and results analysis on the current situation of 〖JP〗public transport in small and mediumsized cities
作者:
黄文成帅斌
西南交通大学 交通运输与物流学院,四川 成都 610031
Author(s):
HUANG Wen-chengSHUAI Bin
School of Transportation and Logistics,Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031,Sichuan,China
关键词:
公交运营城市公交随车调研龙岩市满载率出行分担率
Keywords:
public transport operation urban public transport carfollowing investigation Longyan city full load rate travel sharing rate
分类号:
U491.1
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
常规公交是中小城市最基础的公共交通方式,公交调研有利于了解中小城市公交发展现状,便于发现存在问题,提出相关建议和意见,为将来相关部门规划设计城市轨道交通奠定基础。从规划者和设计者角度出发,将公共交通客运量现状、线路设施现状、场站设施现状、公交运行特征及公交随车调查五大部分作为评估中小城市公交运营现状的指标,公共交通客运量现状、线路设施现状、场站设施现状、公交运行特征等资料可直接从公交公司获取;公交随车调查数据如线路断面流量、满载率及平均速度等则需对城市的公交车进行随车调研,以龙岩市城市公交实地调研为例进行案例分析。研究发现,龙岩市公交车运营现状存在高峰时段满载率超高、公交线路方向不均衡等问题,提出相应的城市公交发展建议:调整部分线路走向、增加公交车辆及停车用地、调整高峰时段发车间隔时间、控制城市内轻骑摩托车数量等。以平顶山、宜昌、襄阳等部分城市有关调研数据为依据,对比分析龙岩市公交出行分担率,研究认为:提出的公交调研指标和方法,符合相关设计院的要求,具有实践推广价值,提出的建议符合中小城市公交发展的需要。
Abstract:
Conventional public transport was the most fundamental mode of public transport in small and mediumsized cities. Public transport investigation was helpful to understand the current situation of public transport in small and mediumsized cities so as to find out the existing problems and put forward relevant suggestions and opinions, and lay the foundation for the planning and design of urban rail transit in the future.From the point of view of planner and designers, the current situation of public transport passenger volume, line facilities, station facilities, public transport characteristics and carfollowing investigation of public transport were taken as indicators to evaluate the present situation of public transport operation in small and mediumsized cities. The first four could be obtained directly from the public transport company; the last one such as line section volume, full load rate and average speed should be carried out on the carfollowing investigation of public transport in the city.The results show that the present public transport operation in Longyan city has some problems, such as high full load rate in the peak period, unbalanced public transport route and so on, and then the corresponding suggestions for the development of urban public transport are put forward: like adjusting the partial routes, increasing bus and parking spaces, adjusting the interval of departure during peak period and controlling the number of light motorcycles in the city.Based on the investigation data of Pingdingshan, Yichang and Xiangyang, comparative analysis of public transport travel sharing rate in Longyan city shows that the proposed public transport research indexes and methods are in line with the requirements of relevant design institutes, which has practical value of popularization. The proposed suggestions accord with the needs of the development of public transport in small and mediumsized cities.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(71173177);西南交通大学研究生创新实验实践项目(YC201507103)
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-07