|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴飞霞.中国服务贸易自由化的碳效应分析[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2017,19(04):95-103.
 WU Fei-xia.Analysis on the carbon effect of Chinas service trade liberalization[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2017,19(04):95-103.
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《长安大学学报(社科版)》[ISSN:1671-6248/CN:61-1391/C]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
95-103
栏目:
经济管理
出版日期:
2017-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on the carbon effect of Chinas service trade liberalization
作者:
吴飞霞
福建师范大学福清分校经济与管理学院,福建 福清350300
Author(s):
WU Fei-xia
School Economics and Management, Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuqing 350300, Fujian, China
关键词:
服务贸易自由化规模效应产业结构能源贸易规模
Keywords:
trade services liberalization scale effect industrial structure energy trade scale
分类号:
F81
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
中国服务贸易规模的扩大在促进经济增长的同时,也带来诸如环境污染、二氧化碳排放量增加等一系列环境问题。通过各类服务业的主要能源消耗量估算了1990~2016年中国各服务业的二氧化碳排放量,并利用各服务类上市公司财务数据,运用价格指标法对中国的服务贸易自由化状况进行具体测算,以服务业碳排放量作为衡量环境质量的指标,从行业层面实证研究了中国服务贸易自由化和服务贸易规模对环境所产生的影响。研究认为,低水平的贸易开放无助于中国的二氧化碳减排,反而会增加碳排放量,同时贸易规模的扩大也会提高二氧化碳排放量;各服务行业的贸易开放碳排放效应和规模效应存在差异,其中交通运输、仓储和邮政业的贸易自由化碳排放效应和规模效应最大,批发、零售、住宿和餐饮业次之。因此,要降低中国的二氧化碳排放量,应调整产业结构与贸易开放结构,控制不同行业的贸易规模与对外开放水平,并提高各服务行业的能源利用效率和改善能源消费结构。
Abstract:
The expansion of China’s trade in services has also brought about a series of environmental problems such as environmental pollution and the increase of carbon dioxide emissions while promoting economic growth. This paper estimated China‘’s service sector carbon dioxide emissions by the total energy consumption of various service industries from 1990 to 2016, and conducted a specific calculation of China‘’s trade liberalization situation by the price index method using financial data of listed companies in service area. It studied the impact of the liberalization of China’s service trade and the scale of service trade on the environment from the industry level taking the service industry carbon emissions as a measure of environmental quality indicators. The results show that lowlevel trade liberalization does not contribute to China‘’s carbon dioxide emissions, but will increase carbon emissions, while the expansion of trade will also increase the amount of carbon dioxide emissions. There are differences in the effects of trade liberalization and economies of scale in the services sector, where trade liberalization of transport, warehousing and postal services has the greatest impact on carbon emissions and economies of scale, followed by wholesale, retail, accommodation and catering. Therefore, to reduce Chinas carbon dioxide emissions, the industrial structure and trade open structure should be adjusted, and the size of different sectors of trade and the level of opening up should be controlled. Both the energy efficiency of the service industry and the energy consumption structure should be improved.

参考文献/References:

相似文献/References:

[1]李晓峰,宋亚奇.“一带一路”背景下中国服务贸易发展机遇与问题分析[J].长安大学学报(社科版),2016,18(02):55.
 LI Xiao-feng,SONG Ya-qi.Opportunities and problems of Chinese service trade in the context of “OBOR”[J].Journal of Chang'an University(Social Science Edition),2016,18(04):55.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
福建省中青年教师教育科研项目(A类)(JAS14339)吴飞霞(1978),女,福建莆田人,讲师。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-20